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Next Steps After Abnormal Pap Test Results

Next Steps After Abnormal Pap Test Results

Receiving abnormal Pap results can be unnerving, but it’s important to understand that “abnormal” doesn’t necessarily mean “cancerous.” In fact, most abnormal results are due to minor infections or changes that can easily be monitored or treated. 

At Solace Women's Care, Farly Sejour, MD, Natalie Gould, WHNP-BC, and our dedicated team in Conroe, Texas, conduct thorough Pap tests to detect any abnormalities and promptly address concerns and treatment options. 

In the meantime, we’re exploring the steps you should take after the results of a Pap smear come back as abnormal

Understanding your abnormal test results 

Grasping the results of your Pap smear and comprehending the various types of abnormalities that may arise is the first step in the process. Keep these abnormalities in mind: 

Atypical squamous cells

These are abnormal cells that could indicate an infection, inflammation, or precancerous changes. 

Atypical glandular cells 

This result may suggest abnormalities in the glandular cells, often necessitating further investigation.

Low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) or high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL)

These terms indicate abnormal changes in the cells on the surface of the cervix, with HSIL proving more severe. 

Positive HPV results

If your human papillomavirus (HPV) test is positive, it indicates the presence of high-risk HPV, which may lead to cell changes in the cervix. 

Discussing results and next steps 

Once you understand your results, the next step is to have a discussion with our team of experts at Solace Women’s Care. Ask us anything you’re curious about — whether it’s decoding the specifics of those abnormalities or figuring out your next steps. Think of it as a friendly conversation about your health journey.

We might suggest a colposcopy, a close-up look at the cervix, to spot any irregularities, and maybe even throw in a biopsy if needed. If we spot abnormal cells, we may recommend a loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) to address the issue. 

Additionally, in certain situations, we suggest a repeat Pap test to monitor changes over time. 

Lifestyle and follow-up care 

Beyond medical procedures, lifestyle choices and follow-up care play a crucial role in managing abnormal Pap test results. 

Quit smoking 

Smoking is a risk factor for cervical cancer, so quitting can positively impact your overall cervical health. 


If eligible, consider the HPV vaccine, as it protects against the most common types of high-risk HPV. 

Regular follow-ups 

Attend all recommended follow-up appointments to monitor any changes in your cervical cells. 

Seek counseling 

Abnormal Pap test results can be emotionally challenging. Seeking counseling or support groups can provide valuable emotional support. 

Communicate with your partner 

If applicable, discuss your results with your partner and ensure they’re aware of the importance of regular screenings. 

In the end, receiving abnormal Pap test results can be a cause for concern, but with the right information and proactive steps, you can navigate the situation effectively. Remember, early detection and intervention are key to preventing cervical cancer. 

If you’re ready to take charge of your health, stay informed, and work closely with our team,  call us at 936-441-7100 or send us a message online today.

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